Islamic Law in U.S. Courts: Webb v. City of Philadelphia (3d Cir. 2009): Ḥijāb with Police Uniform

A female Muslim police officer, Kimberlie Webb, sued the City of Philadelphia under Title VII and the Pennsylvania Religious Freedom Protection Act, alleging religion- and gender-based discrimination. Specifically, the plaintiff objected to the City barring her from wearing a headscarf (ḥijāb) with her police uniform, and argued that the prohibition amounted to a failure to … Continue reading Islamic Law in U.S. Courts: Webb v. City of Philadelphia (3d Cir. 2009): Ḥijāb with Police Uniform

Amicus Brief filed by Fifteen Religious and Civil Rights Organizations in EEOC v. Abercrombie & Fitch, 575 U.S. _ (2015)

This brief, submitted by fifteen religious and civil rights organizations, addresses the notion that numerous conflicts often arise between job duties and religious convictions in areas of ritual law, including Sabbaths and other holy days, dietary restrictions, and dress for many Jews, Muslims, Christians and members of other faiths. These organizations point out that the … Continue reading Amicus Brief filed by Fifteen Religious and Civil Rights Organizations in EEOC v. Abercrombie & Fitch, 575 U.S. _ (2015)

Islamic Law in U.S. Courts: EEOC v. Abercrombie & Fitch, 575 U.S. _ (2015): “Ḥijāb Case”

Holding: To prevail in a disparate-treatment claim, an applicant need show only that his need for an accommodation was a motivating factor in the employer’s decision, not that the employer had knowledge of his need. Judgment: Reversed and remanded, 8-1, in an opinion by Justice Scalia on June 1, 2015. Justice Alito filed an opinion … Continue reading Islamic Law in U.S. Courts: EEOC v. Abercrombie & Fitch, 575 U.S. _ (2015): “Ḥijāb Case”

Syllabus, Rutgers University School of Law: Islamic Banking and Finance

The Islamic Law Teaching Project houses collections of syllabi and other teaching material for Islamic law courses taught primarily in law schools of the US and UK. This syllabus is from Professor Abed Awad at Rutgers University School of Law. This course is an intensive basic introduction to Islamic banking and finance. After discussing the moral and … Continue reading Syllabus, Rutgers University School of Law: Islamic Banking and Finance

Scholarship in “Plain English”: Clark Lombardi on Sharīʿa as a Source of Legislation

The constitutions of many Muslim-majority countries contain clauses that declare sharīʿa a source of legislation. These “sharīʿa clauses” may name sharīʿa as “a chief source,” “the chief source,” or “the only source,” among others, of national laws. Though the phrasing of these clauses seems quite similar, some scholars and government officials have ascribed importance to … Continue reading Scholarship in “Plain English”: Clark Lombardi on Sharīʿa as a Source of Legislation

Islamic Law in U.S. Courts: Murray v. Geithner (E.D. Mich. 2011): U.S. Financial Bailout Ruled Nondiscriminatory

Plaintiff Kevin Murray, an American taxpayer, sued Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner and the Board of Directors of the Federal Reserve, arguing that the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act (EESA), which established the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP), violated the Establishment clause of the First Amendment by allowing funds to be used to support companies that invest … Continue reading Islamic Law in U.S. Courts: Murray v. Geithner (E.D. Mich. 2011): U.S. Financial Bailout Ruled Nondiscriminatory

Contemporary Primary Sources: Response of New Zealand Advertising Standards Complaints Board to Lux Body Wash Ad (1996)

A complaint to the New Zealand Advertising Standards Complaints Board about an arguably Orientalist depiction of a Western woman in an Islamic country for a Lux Body Wash ad. The ruling is of interest for its discussion about the depiction of religion and community standards in New Zealand (at the time) and the level of … Continue reading Contemporary Primary Sources: Response of New Zealand Advertising Standards Complaints Board to Lux Body Wash Ad (1996)

Country Profile: Iran

This Country Profile provides a basic overview of the legal history and institutional structures of the Islamic Republic of Iran (Jomhuri-ye Eslami-ye Iran), based on research produced by GlobaLex at NYU Law School and the Library of Congress. Under Iran's Constitution, Islamic law (sharīʿa or fiqh) is the principle source of legislation. Country Background Iran is located in the Middle East, bordering the … Continue reading Country Profile: Iran

Islamic Law in U.S. Courts: Matiyn v. Comm’r Dep’t of Corr. (W.D.N.Y. 1989): Prison Prayer Space

Faris Matiyn, an inmate at the Attica prison, mounted a § 1983 claim against the commissioner of the New York State Department of Corrections and prison superintendent Walter Kelly. The plaintiff alleged that the prison violated his First Amendment free exercise right by not allowing Sunnī and Shīʿī Muslims—the two major Muslim denominations—to have separate … Continue reading Islamic Law in U.S. Courts: Matiyn v. Comm’r Dep’t of Corr. (W.D.N.Y. 1989): Prison Prayer Space

Historical Primary Sources: A Legal and Diplomatic Justification of the Ottoman Declaration of War Against Russia, 1768

This document is a beyānnāme, or declaration, sent by the Ottoman reʾīsül-kuttāb (chief scribe) to Britain's ambassador to the Ottoman Empire, justifying the Ottoman declaration of war on Russia by explaining Russia's violation of treaty obligations. The document gives insight into eighteenth-century Ottoman attitudes to international law and its relationship with Islamic law. Contributed by … Continue reading Historical Primary Sources: A Legal and Diplomatic Justification of the Ottoman Declaration of War Against Russia, 1768