Commentary: Arbitrariness and the Burden of Proof in New Acehnese Cases of “Moral Crimes”

This post, by Waskito Jati, examines the litigation process and sentencing regime for a new type of moral crime in Aceh: khalwat (when an unmarried man and woman are secluded). This act is criminalized under the new Acehnese Islamic Criminal Law (Aceh Qanun Jinayat No. 6 of 2014). The classification of khalwat as a moral crime … Continue reading Commentary: Arbitrariness and the Burden of Proof in New Acehnese Cases of “Moral Crimes”

Country Profile: Nigeria

This Country Profile provides a basic overview of the legal history and institutional structures of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, based on research produced by GlobaLex at NYU Law School and the Library of Congress. Under Nigeria's Constitution, Islamic law (sharīʿa or fiqh) has legal status. Country Background Nigeria is a country located in Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea and Lake … Continue reading Country Profile: Nigeria

Islamic Law in U.S. Courts: EEOC v. Kelly Services (8th Cir. 2010): Reasonable Accommodation for Headscarf

On appeal from the U.S. District Court for the District of Minnesota, the Court upheld the lower court’s grant of summary judgment in favor of the defendant. The EEOC brought a case under Title VII on behalf of Asthma Suliman, a Muslim employee of Kelly Services (a temporary employment agency), alleging religious discrimination. Suliman claimed … Continue reading Islamic Law in U.S. Courts: EEOC v. Kelly Services (8th Cir. 2010): Reasonable Accommodation for Headscarf

Islamic Law in U.S. Courts: EEOC v. Sunbelt Rentals (4th Cir. 2008): Hostile Work Environment Case

The EEOC represented an African-American Muslim suing his former employer under Title VII, alleging religious discrimination and a hostile work environment. The plaintiff claimed he had been the recipient of many offensive comments (such as being called a “towel head” and “Taliban”) and degrading actions (such as his co-workers hiding his time card while he … Continue reading Islamic Law in U.S. Courts: EEOC v. Sunbelt Rentals (4th Cir. 2008): Hostile Work Environment Case

Islamic Law in U.S. Courts: Charles v. Verhagen (7th Cir. 2003): Department of Corrections Challenges RLUIPA

The Court affirmed a decision by the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Wisconsin, granting summary judgment in favor of the plaintiff, Jerry Charles, who alleged a violation of his rights under the Religious Land Use and Institutionalized Persons Act (RLUIPA) to practice his religion. Specifically, the plaintiff requested accommodations that would allow … Continue reading Islamic Law in U.S. Courts: Charles v. Verhagen (7th Cir. 2003): Department of Corrections Challenges RLUIPA

Islamic Law in U.S. Courts: Pittman-Bey v. Clay (S.D. Tex. 2013): Religious Accommodations for Prisoners

Plaintiff Leo Pittman-Bey, a Muslim inmate, sued Texas prison officials for allegedly violating the Religious Land Use and Institutionalized Persons Act and his constitutional right to free exercise of religion under the First Amendment by denying him after-sunset meals during the Islamic holy month of Ramadan. Previous prison regulations allowed practicing Muslim inmates to receive … Continue reading Islamic Law in U.S. Courts: Pittman-Bey v. Clay (S.D. Tex. 2013): Religious Accommodations for Prisoners

Country Profile: Brunei

This Country Profile provides a basic overview of the legal history and institutional structures of Brunei Darussalam (Negara Brunei Darussalam), based on research produced by the Library of Congress. Under Brunei's Constitution, Islamic law (sharīʿa or fiqh) is the principle source of legislation. Country Background Brunei is located in Southeastern Asia, along the northern coast of the island of … Continue reading Country Profile: Brunei

Islamic Law in U.S. Courts: Murray v. Geithner (E.D. Mich. 2011): U.S. Financial Bailout Ruled Nondiscriminatory

Plaintiff Kevin Murray, an American taxpayer, sued Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner and the Board of Directors of the Federal Reserve, arguing that the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act (EESA), which established the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP), violated the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment by allowing funds to be used to support companies that invest … Continue reading Islamic Law in U.S. Courts: Murray v. Geithner (E.D. Mich. 2011): U.S. Financial Bailout Ruled Nondiscriminatory

Contemporary Primary Sources: Response of New Zealand Advertising Standards Complaints Board to Lux Body Wash Ad (1996)

A complaint to the New Zealand Advertising Standards Complaints Board about an arguably Orientalist depiction of a Western woman in an Islamic country for a Lux Body Wash ad. The ruling is of interest for its discussion about the depiction of religion and community standards in New Zealand (at the time) and the level of … Continue reading Contemporary Primary Sources: Response of New Zealand Advertising Standards Complaints Board to Lux Body Wash Ad (1996)

Islamic Law in U.S. Courts: Haliye v. Celestica (D. Minn. 2010): Reasonable Accommodation Case

A group of Muslim employees sued their employer, Celestica Corporation, a manufacturing company, and Adecco USA, Inc., a temporary employment agency, under Title VII and the Minnesota Human Rights Act. The plaintiffs alleged discrimination on the basis of religion, and also claimed that the defendants refused to reasonably accommodate their religiously-mandated prayer schedule despite repeated … Continue reading Islamic Law in U.S. Courts: Haliye v. Celestica (D. Minn. 2010): Reasonable Accommodation Case