This commentary, by SHARIAsource Morocco editor Ari Schriber, argues that the negative political ramifications of prosecuting the Baha’is in 1962 led the state to limit the scope of Islamic discourse in Moroccan law. In 1962, a Moroccan criminal court convicted fourteen Baha’is accused of attacking religious convictions and attacking public order (among other charges). Most … Continue reading Commentary: The Limits of State Religion in the Moroccan ‘Baha’i Affair’
In this commentary, SHARIAsource contributor Ari Schriber discusses Morocco's 1957 Personal Status Code, the country's first unified set of family law statutes. He address the provisions concerning polygamy in particular, and the government's attempts to evoke an Islamic basis for legalizing polygamy while simultaneously appearing to limit it in the name of protecting women. Read … Continue reading Commentary: Codifying Polygamy in the 1957 Moroccan Mudawwana
Earlier this year, Tunisia lifted the 1973 ban on Muslim women marrying non-Muslim men and is considering equalizing inheritance laws for men and women, on arguments that the mixed marriage ban and inheritance disparity violates the post-Arab Spring 2014 constitution calling for gender equality. This development follows in a line of earlier precedent for personal … Continue reading Codifying Polygamy in the 1957 Moroccan Mudawwana
This is a memorandum (circulaire) issued by the shari'a board of the Central Bank of Morocco (Bank al-Maghrib) in January 2017. The document contains fatwās pertaining to Islamic financial instruments such as murābaḥa and regulations concerning its practice and penalties. See document and see the interview with a sharīʿa auditor at Dar Assafaa.
Interview conducted by Ari Schriber, Morocco Editor Nour-Eddine Qaouar is a PhD Candidate in the Faculty of Letters and Humanities at Muhammad V University (Rabat, Morocco) where he studies the applicability of finance-related fatwās from classical sharīʿa to contemporary questions of Islamic finance. He is also Sharīʿa Auditor at Dar Assafaa, the Islamic window of … Continue reading Islamic Finance: New Developments in Morocco’s Sharīʿa-Compliant Banking
During a time when there are global questions about stable Muslim-majority states that have combined Islamic law with state law, SHARIAsource editor Ari Schriber (Harvard University) convincingly demonstrates that Morocco's 1965 Court Unification Law deserves more attention, though not for the reasons one may initially suppose. In asserting independence then, Moroccan leaders paved the way … Continue reading The Dissolution of Sharīʿa in the 1965 Moroccan Court Unification Law
Amidst the tensions raised by Islamic constitutional states as they deal with non-Muslim minorities, worth considering is how Muslim-majority states have resolved the issue in the past. Morocco editor Ari Schriber considers the political ramifications of Islamic laws governing religious minorities in an episode that faced Morocco as it gained independence: Morocco's 1962 Baha'i Affair. Morocco's then-recent independence heralded a … Continue reading The Limits of State Religion and Non-Muslim Minorities: The Moroccan ‘Baha’i Affair’ of 1962