In this commentary, SHARIAsource contributor Ari Schriber discusses Morocco's 1957 Personal Status Code, the country's first unified set of family law statutes. He address the provisions concerning polygamy in particular, and the government's attempts to evoke an Islamic basis for legalizing polygamy while simultaneously appearing to limit it in the name of protecting women. Read … Continue reading Commentary: Codifying Polygamy in the 1957 Moroccan Mudawwana
This English-language summary issued by the Acehnese government (Indonesia) explains the all-encompassing role of sharīʿa in Aceh. It clarifies that sharīʿa does not apply to non-Muslims, and that its implementation in no way repudiates human rights standards, including freedom of religion. Read the document.
The constitutions of many Muslim-majority countries contain clauses that declare sharīʿa a source of legislation. These “sharīʿa clauses” may name sharīʿa as “a chief source,” “the chief source,” or “the only source,” among others, of national laws. Though the phrasing of these clauses seems quite similar, some scholars and government officials have ascribed importance to … Continue reading Scholarship in “Plain English”: Clark Lombardi on Sharīʿa as a Source of Legislation
A baby produced through medical intervention by the sperm and egg of duly wedded couples (without involving a third party) is permissible under Islamic law. However, surrogacy is not allowed because marriage is the only means through which children should be produced under Islamic law. Surrogacy is likely to give rise to innumerable legal problems regarding … Continue reading CASE: Farooq Siddiqui v. Mst. Farzana Naheed (Federal Shariat Court, Pakistan): Judgment on Surrogacy
Pakistan editor Zubair Abbasi examines the legality of surrogacy under Islamic law. In Farooq Siddiqui v Mst. Farzana Naheed, decided on 16 February 2017, the Federal Shariat Court (FSC) determined the legality of surrogacy under Islamic law. In this case note, Abbasi analyzes the judgment of the FSC on surrogacy. Based on this analysis, he argues that this judgment signifies a historical … Continue reading Federal Shariat Court of Pakistan on Surrogacy: From Judicial Islamization of Laws to Judicial Legislation
From The New York Times, May 1st, 2017 "...The 2006 painting has become the symbol of a global initiative by the Indonesian youth wing of Nahdlatul Ulama, the largest mass Islamic organization in the world, that seeks to reinterpret Islamic law dating from the Middle Ages in ways that conform to 21st-century norms. Among other … Continue reading NYT Excerpt: Ruud Peters in “Indonesians Seek to Export a Modernized Vision of Islam”
Abed Awad, U.S. Editor, summarizes one of his recent cases on family law in which the defendant claims his maʿzūn-authenticated ṭalāq defers judgment of the divorce to the Family Court in Egypt. A revocable ṭalāq is not a final divorce to defeat a pending New York divorce action, said the New York Apellate Division The story of Fouad v. … Continue reading NY Court Ruling Against a Muslim Man’s Attempt to Unilaterally Divorce His Wife
Greek expert Ilker Tsavousoglou (Ghent University) examines developments in Western Thrace, in Greece, to illustrate the complexities of modern legal pluralism where secular states have some jurisdiction for Islamic law. Greece recognizes an Islamic law jurisdiction in Thrace, whereby it accords muftī tribunals – muftīs being expert jurists who typically give advisory opinions in Islamic law – the authority to oversee and enforce Islamic law in the region. To some observers, this … Continue reading The Treatment of Women: Applying Islamic Law in Greek Thrace
In their paper Classical Islamic Law and Modern Bankruptcy (2010), U.S. editor Abed Awad and his co-author Robert E. Michael compares bankruptcy in classical Islamic law to American bankruptcy pre and post the enactment of Chapter 11. Bankruptcy in classical Islamic law is "strongly analogous to the traditional civil and common law treatment of bankrupts prior to … Continue reading REVIEW:: Classical Islamic Law and Modern Bankruptcy (A Review of Abed Awad, “Classical Islamic Law and Modern Bankruptcy” (2010))
Anver Emon's (Professor of Law at the University of Toronto Faculty of Law and SHARIAsource senior scholar) new paper Codification and Islamic Law: The Ideology Behind a Tragic Narrative in the Journal of Middle East Law and Governance challenges the now popular argument that Islamic law is near-impossible to formalize as state law. Treating Islamic law … Continue reading Is Sharīʿa Incompatible with the Modern Administrative State?