This fatwā considers that, as a result of traveling internationally, people may miss Friday (i.e., depart on a Thursday and arrive on a Saturday). Pursuant to the Ḥanbalī school of thought, however, all persons aboard ships and aircraft are to perform Friday congregational prayers. These prayers are only to be performed on Friday: If, as … Continue reading Contemporary Primary Sources: Indonesian Council of Ulama Fatwā on Friday Prayers for Travelers Aboard Ships and Aircraft
These materials document, state by state, what each of the sharīʿa states is doing in respect of the collection and distribution of zakāt and the management of pious endowments (waqf, pl awqāf). The materials include early proposals by Sharia Implementation Committees or Councils of Ulama for official zakāt organizations, including the doctrinal background; all statutory materials … Continue reading Sharia Implementation in Northern Nigeria: Further Documentary Materials III: Zakat and Endowment Boards and Committees
Plaintiff Kevin Murray, an American taxpayer, sued Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner and the Board of Directors of the Federal Reserve, arguing that the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act (EESA), which established the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP), violated the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment by allowing funds to be used to support companies that invest … Continue reading Islamic Law in U.S. Courts: Murray v. Geithner (E.D. Mich. 2011): U.S. Financial Bailout Ruled Nondiscriminatory
The Islamic Law Teaching Project houses collections of syllabi and other teaching material for Islamic law courses taught primarily in law schools of the US and UK. This syllabus is from Professor Mohammad Fadel at New York University, School of Law. This course will provide an overview of the theoretical doctrines that give rise to Islamic finance … Continue reading Syllabus: Islamic Business Law
By Professor Mohammad Fadel (University of Toronto, Faculty of Law) In a recent attempt to control religious discourse in Egypt, the chairperson of Egypt’s Supreme Media Regulatory Council (al-majlis al-aʿlā li-tanẓīm al-iʿlām), Makram Muhammad Ahmad, announced that only 50 people would be permitted to give an opinion (fatwā) pertaining to Islamic law. According to various … Continue reading Commentary: Religious Opinions within Civil Discourse
Reposted from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Wes Mountain/The Conversation, CC BY-ND Wes Mountain, The Conversation Interest fuels the financial world. The money sitting in your bank account accrues it, and the credit cards in your wallet charge it. If you ever want money quick, you’re going to being paying a decent … Continue reading From The Conversation:: Comic explainer: How does Islamic Finance Work?
This commentary, by SHARIAsource Southeast Asia editor Jeff Redding, explains crucial aspects of the 2014 Indian Supreme Court decision in Vishwa Lochan Madan v. Union of India, arguing that this highly-anticipated and long-delayed opinion left much unresolved about whether non-state Muslim legal actors have a role, along with state courts, in announcing and enforcing Muslim Personal … Continue reading Commentary: Vishwa Lochan Madan v. Union of India (2014) and the Uncertain Boundaries of Muslim Personal Law in India
Decided by the Supreme Court of India, Vishwa Lochan Madan v. Union of India decreed that fatwas issued by sharīʿa courts hold no legal leverage. Read the case.
This commentary, by SHARIAsource U.A.E. and Malaysia editor Paul Lee, examines the U.S. and the U.K. as an example of a model of competitive equality for the regulation of sharīʿa compliance in Islamic finance. The regulation of Islamic finance has generally been an area to which Western jurisdictions have devoted limited attention, and courts and regulators have … Continue reading Commentary: The US, the UK, and the Model of Competitive Equality
This article, by SHARIAsource South Asia editor Dr. Zubair Abbasi, provides an overview of the judgments of the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, the highest court of appeal in the British Empire regarding Islamic Endowments (awqāf). The cases originated from all over the Muslim-populated areas of the British Empire. The first judgment was delivered … Continue reading Commentary: The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council and Islamic Endowments (Awqāf)